Cosmographia Petri Apiani per Gemmam Frisium apud Louanienses Medicum & Mathematicum insignem, iam demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac nonnullis quoque locis aucta. Additis eiusdem argumenti libellis ipsius Gemmae Frisii
Cosmographia Petri Apiani per Gemmam Frisium apud Louanienses Medicum & Mathematicum insignem, iam demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac nonnullis quoque locis aucta. Additis eiusdem argumenti libellis ipsius Gemmae Frisii.
Antwerp for Christopher Plantin, 1574, 4to( 240 x 180mm), Contemporary limp vellum, illustrated throughout with woodcuts, 5 with volvelles (4 with moving parts), one displaying a map of the world, separate heart-shaped cordiform world map after Waldseemuller.
First Plantin Edition. Edited by Gemma Frisius of this very influential text of geography and astronomy which went through many editions and was translated into all major European languages. This is an interesting edition of Apian printed by the renowned publisher Plantin. Greatly expanded by Gemma Frisius, the instrument maker and colleague of Mercator. Frisius included much more astronomical content and added volvelles for the determining the altitude of the poles, longitude, the meridian and times of day depending on season. In the section Libellus de locorum describendorum ratione, he was the first to propose the principles of triangulation as a means of carefully locating places and accurately mapping areas.
IA. 106.462; Houzeau-L. 2392; Alden-L. 574/5; van Ortroy, Apian 53 &
Gemma Frisius 29; Shirley 82.
De Mundi Sphaera, siue Cosmographia, libri V.... Astronomiae pars, tum Geographiae,ac Hydrographiae rudimanta pertractantur.
Lutetiae Parisiorum; Michaelem Vascosanum. 1555, ll (4), 60, illustrated with numerous woodcuts throughout the text, one printed n colours.
In 1542 Fine published De mundi sphaera (On the Heavenly Spheres), a popular astronomy textbook whose woodcut illustrations were much appreciated. His writing on astronomy included guides to the use of astronomical equipment and methods (e.g. the ancient practice of determining longitude through the coordinated observation of lunar
eclipses from two fixed points with enough distance between them to make the phenomena appear at different times of the night.) He also described more recent innovations, such as an instrument he called a méthéoroscope (an astrolabe modified by adding a compass).Fine's heart-shaped, cordiform map may be his most famous illustration, and was frequently employed by other notable cartographers, including Peter Apian and Gerard Mercator.Fine attempted to reconcile discoveries in the New World with old medieval legends and information (derived from Ptolemy) regarding the Orient. Thus, on one of his two world maps,Nova Universi Orbis Descriptio(1531), the legend marked Asia covers both North America and Asia, which were represented as one landmass. He used the toponym "America" for South America, and thus Marco Polo's Mangi, Tangut, and Catay appear on the shores of the present-day Gulf of Mexico. On the same map, Fine drew Terra Australis to the south, including the legend "recently discovered but not yet completely explored," by which he meant the discovery of Tierra del Fuego by Ferdinand Magellan.