Cosmographia... per Gemmam Frisium apud Lovanienses Medicum & Mathematicum insignem, iam demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac nonnullis quoq(ue) locis aucta.
Cosmographia... per Gemmam Frisium apud Lovanienses Medicum & Mathematicum insignem, iam demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac nonnullis quoq(ue) locis aucta. Additis libellus ipsius Gemmae Frisij.
Antwerp,Gilles Coppens van Diest for Pieter de Bonte, 1550.4to. (2) , 65 (1) leaves. Woodcut of a globe on the title-page, 5 woodcuts (4 with moving parts) with volvelles or threads (with the two pulling threads and small lead weights, H2r, O3r), double-page cordiform world map, numerous woodcuts (some coloured) and diagrams in the text, and the printer’s device at the end. Contemporary limp vellum, several inscriptions on the free endpapers, two stamps on the blank margin of the title-page and of the verso of the last leaf, a few light spots, marginal cut out of ca. 2 cm from one leaf not affecting the text, otherwise a very attractive, uncut copy. £13,500
Rare and Beautifully Printed Edition (one of two issues printed in the same year - the other has only 64 leaves).
The 1524 edition published by Apianus himself was a highly important and influential work, but Gemma Frisius may have seen the potential to develop it into a more popular work. He may also have seen the potential of producing and selling in his workshop the mathematical instruments described in the Cosmographia which would then provide an outstanding advertisement for his wares.
The double-page world map (quire I), first published by Apianus in 1520 was based on the one done by Waldseemüller in 1507. The Waldseemüller map is known from a single example and the 1520 Apianus derivative map is exceedingly rare. Gemma Frisius made a world map published in Louvain in 1540 and this map is now lost. The map shown here, appearing in editions of the Cosmographia from 1544 on, is by Gemma Frisius and is probably based on these antecedent or mother maps. The projection used in this world map is known as a cordiform projection since its outline resembles that of a heart. The cordiform projection was one of many different projections employed early in the history of cartography. The projection is truncated and the southern tip is cut off so we don't see whether Gemma Frisius attempted to depict the hypothetical Antarctic continent. There is but a suggestion of it south of the Straits of Magellan. The shape of North and South America when this map was made, continued to use the ribbon-like figure of the New World that dates back to the 1507 Waldseemüller map. However, this appears to be the first printed map that shows the true peninsular nature of Yucatan, in Central America. Earlier maps, and even the contemporary map by Sebastian Münster, with a much more up-to-date depiction of the New World, showed the Yucatan as an island. North America is labelled Baccalearium in reference to the cod fishing nearby and has shrunk to a slender peninsula lying almost east-west. One of the figures at the top wears the double-headed eagle of the Holy Roman Emperor. The heart shaped border of the map contains signs of the zodiac, and the outer surround is filled with clouds and winds, including three cadaverous windheads representing the traditional plague- carrying winds of the south . Although three different blocks were cut to print the map during the decades it remained in print, the map was never revised.
F. van Otroy,Bibliograhie des oeuvres de Pierre Apian, (Besançon, 1902), no. 38;