The Topography and Mensuration of Ulcomb Place with the Tenements and lands there unto belonging
The Topography and Mensuration of Ulcomb Place with the Tenements and lands there unto belonging: Scituate Lying and Being in the Parishes of Ulcomb, East Sutton, Bromfield and Boughton Malherbe in the County of Kent Being one of the Estates of [Godfry] Clarke Esqr.,
A highly impressive and decorative large manuscript estate map on vellum by an eminent surveyor, cartographer and scientific instrument maker, delineating and naming various fields with their acreage, the large portion of King's Wood, with the church and some houses carefully drawn in, decorated in colours with a compass rose and the scale with decorative ribbon and dividers, title within a coloured floral border, Hogben's details within a historiated border of cherubs holding aloft a mathematical primer, large coloured coat-of-arms , 910 x 1150mm., 1748. £3,000.00
Thomas Hogben II, The Younger [b.1702 - d.1774 ] of Smarden-Land Surveyor/Dialist and Schoolmaster [Brass Sundials by Hogben exist dated 1732 to 1768, he was also possibly an occasional Clock maker].
He produced his first independent land survey in 1720 aged 18, and when it is considered that he held down a School Masters position and was still a most prolific Surveyor at this time he must have been a remarkable talent. He specifically describes himself as 'Master of the Free School Smarden' [• on 9 maps and 4 sundials known so far], which date from 1742 to 1755, though he may have been Master from as early as May 1728 and later than 1755.
Generally, surveys were carried out by men local to the area, as long distance travel in the 1700s/early 1800s was slow, and in inclement winter weather, arduous and occasionally even hazardous, something to be avoided when possible, but, there are always exceptions to such sweeping generalisations, [e.g. in 1725 James Chadwick of Liverpool, carried out several land surveys for different owners at Cudham and Down, Christopher Saxton of Yorkshire also carried out surveys in Kent, Henry Hogben worked in Surrey, Sussex, Essex & Hampshire...] but very few of Thomas Hogben ii's maps fell outside a 20 mile radius of Smarden.
Normal localised working helps to pin down the separation between similarly named members of the same family, this and the style of decoration, however this is obviously not set in stone. In this instance there were two Thomas Hogbens, one based in Ashford and later, the other for most of his active career based in Smarden. It is not uncommon in mapping/land surveying history for the Father/ Son relationship to evolve into that of Master and Apprentice. (e.g.John Speeds' son John worked with his father in this capacity on his County Atlas of 1611, and here Thomas i [the Elder] & Thomas ii [the Younger] and again Thomas ii [theYounger] and his son Henry).
In the early 1600s these land surveyors described themselves in curious ways, 'Philomath' 'Wellwiller unto the Mathematticks' &c.. all of which seem to equate with being ' a lover of the science of Mathematics', that science most closely associated with Land Survey.