…Who is or may be a Pattern to stirre up all Heroicke and active Spirits of these Times… being a Summary and true Relation of foure severall Voyages made by the said Sir Francis Drake to the West-Indies.
London: for Nicholas Bourne, [1652-] 1653.
4 parts in one, 4to(183 x 143 mm). Engraved portrait frontispiece, separate title-pages, the first 3 separately signed and paginated, the last 2 continuously paginated, woodcut initials and headpieces, Early 20th-century gilt- and blind-ruled levant, edges gilt, by Riviere; half red calf slipcase.
“THE FIRST COLLECTED AND MOST COMPLETE EDITION OF DRAKE’S VOYAGES” (Church).
FIRST COLLECTED EDITION of Drake’s voyages, the four parts comprising: Sir Francis Drake Revived, the voyages of 1570-71 and 1572-73 describes Drake’s privateering expeditions to the West Indies, the raid on Nombre de Dios in 1572, when he captured a fortune of Spanish silver from the centre of the Spanish New World empire.
The World Encompassed, the voyage of 1577-80. Compiled by Francis Drake, nephew of the late explorer, it narrates Drake’s memorable voyage, in which his five vessels raided Spanish outposts and supply routes on the Pacific coast, claimed California (“New Albion”) for the British crown and returned via the Pacific and Indian Oceans, making Drake the first English captain to circumnavigate the globe.
A Summarie and True Discourse of [his] West Indian Voyage, the voyage of 1585-86 that was begun by Bigges, an officer under Drake, and finished after his death, probably by his lieutenant, Master Croftes. Drake’s expedition to the Spanish Indies was the first major British naval foray into the Caribbean and was sanctioned by a commission from Queen Elizabeth with letters of marque. As well as capturing and sacking a number of cities he also rescued the 103 colonists remaining on Raleigh’s Roanoke Island Virginia colony and returned them to England along with a shipment of potatoes and tobacco.
A Full Relation of Another Voyage into the West Indies, made by Sir Francis Drake’ Accompanied with Sir John Hawkins, Sir Thomas Baskerfield, Sir Nicholas Clifford, and others. Who set forth from Plymouth on 28. Of August 1595.
‘Sir Francis Drake, the greatest of the naval adventurers of England of the time of Elizabeth, was born in Devonshire about 1540. He went to sea early, was sailing to the Spanish Main by 1565, and commanded a ship under Hawkins in an expedition that was overwhelmed by the Spaniards in 1567. In order to recompense himself for the loss suffered in this disaster, he equipped the expedition against the Spanish treasure−house at Nombre de Dios in 1572, the fortunes of which are described in the first of the first two narratives. It was on this voyage that he was led by native guides to “that goodly and great high tree” on the isthmus of Darien, from which, first of Englishmen, he looked on the Pacific, and “besought Almighty God of His goodness to give him life and leave to sail once in an English ship in that sea.” The fulfilment of this prayer is described in the second of the voyages here printed, in which it is told how, in 1578, Drake passed through the Straits of Magellan into waters never before sailed by his countrymen, and with a single ship rifled the Spanish settlements on the west coast of South America and plundered the Spanish treasure− ships; how, considering it unsafe to go back the way he came lest the enemy should seek revenge, he went as far north as the Golden Gate, then passed across the Pacific and round by the Cape of Good Hope, and so home, the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe. Only Magellan’s ship had preceded him in the feat, and Magellan had died on the voyage. The Queen visited the ship, “The Golden Hind,” as she lay at Deptford and knighted the commander on board. Drake’s further adventures were of almost equal interest. Returning from a raid on the Spaniards in 1586, he brought home the despairing Virginian colony, and is said at the same time to have introduced from America tobacco and potatoes. Two years later he led the English fleet in the decisive engagement with the Great Armada. In 1595 he set out on another voyage to the Spanish Main; and in the January of the following year died off Porto Bello and was buried in the waters where he had made his name as the greatest seaman of his day and nation’. Philip Nichols
Provenance: C. L. Robinson, Newport R.I. (bookplate); Emily Meredith Read Spencer (b.1863) descendent of William Bradford (armorial bookplate).
Church 526; Hill, pp. 86 and 211; Sabin 20840, 20855, 20843, and 20830; Wing D2122.